The Battle of Athens, the Battle of Day's Gap, the Battle of Decatur, the Battle of Fort Blakely, the Battle of Mobile, the Battle of Selma, the Battle of Spanish Fort, numerous sabotage raids, and the Burning of the University of Alabama (all but one building was burned to the ground). Not massive battles, in the main, but not free of them by any stretch.Alabama was, contrary to the answers of those who have said lay ignored until the end of the war, actually involved quite early on. Less than 6 months after the First Battle of Manassas, almost all of North (and the Civil War is why it is NEVER called Northern) Alabama was occupied by several companies of the Union Army. These detachments occupied towns and cities that had supplied thousands of men to the Confederacy for use elsewhere and thus had not many men left to mount defense, not to mention that 1850's Alabama had virtually no industry but agriculture--not much strategic value. There wasn't much reason to have battles here.Although there weren't any of the 50,000+ on each side engagements, Alabama newspapers are full of accounts of debauchery and cruelty to Alabamans by the occupying Union. Such are the spoils of war. There were consequently numerous uprisings and ambushes, and several skirmishes and outright battles between the two sides.There was no reason to have burned the University. Before the War, it had included a military academy, and the graduates went into the American Army. During the war, its graduates of course entered the CSA. It was burned to deprive the South of officer candidates. The Union could just as easily have occupied the University and spared it.As Alabama was primarily an agricultural state, it had no massive weapons caches or arsenals and no weapons manufacturers, before the War. It grew King Cotton, as it was called (until the 1970's), chiefly, and produce and livestock, which helped feed the Confederacy, as well as the Union Army after North Alabama's occupation. The Civil War actually gave birth to the steel industry in Alabama, for Birmingham's and its surrounding areas' remoteness lent it privacy from Northern attack for much of the War...and steel was born. Alabama became a major manufacturer of arms during the War, including of the most impressive domestic artillery piece of the War, the Brooke Cannon with its rifled barrel.The War impressed upon Alabama, hardly a wealthy state before the War, the incomprehensible depth of the poverty (if not the utter destruction) shared by all the South after it.The Reconstruction was nearly as bad, and in the poorest parts of the South--rural Alabama and Mississippi--caused effects which lasted for nearly a hundred years, and in some places, more..I was born in Birmingham, Alabama, before the Civil Rights Era, to the daughter of Irish immigrants and the Tennessee-born son of a transplanted Kentucky tobacco farmer (and moonshiner). Except for military service and a year in New Jersey, I have lived all my life in the South. I am Southern through and through, but neither my Irish immigrant grandparents nor my Dad's first-generation land-owner parents had any ancestral dog in the Civil War. Mother's family was Irish, and Dad's grandparents were sharecroppers, not slave owners. There were actually, per capita, very few slave owners in the South. I am not related to any of them. As such, I was raised to be a proyd American, not a redneck.I am Southern, not rebel. I was raised to respect all people unless they gave you a reason not to. Skin color was not a reason. I have never owned a Confederate flag. I fly Old Glory.I proudly wore my nation's uniforms--one blue, one green--and I served America with honor. I feel no sense of loss over the Confederacy's Lost Cause. I of course studied the Civil War both in high school and at University, so I know enough to enter a conversation about it. I know Alabama had no Shiloh or Atlanta. But to suggest that Alabama therefore managed to avoid the Civil War is seriously inaccurate.